Rodos Island Brief History
The history of Rodos island start in the Neolithic period. In the 1600 bc the minoans from creta island came to rodos and later the Greek history call them as the race of ( telchines ) who associated the Rodos island with ( Danaus )
The race of the ( dorians) came to the island of Rodos at the 800 bc and create the famous ( Hexapolis ) that means the 6 cities in Greek language. The 6 cities was the Lindos, the ialyssos, and the kameiros . These 3 cities are even now villages of Rodos. The other 3 cities was the greek island of cos ( the island of father of medicine Hippocrates ) Cnidus and Halicarnassus . These 2 cities belongs to Turkey now. When you visit these turkey cities today you can see very clear the civilization of the Rhodians-Dorians and their monuments. Arround 500 bc the Persians occupate the island of Rodos , but the Athenians decied to liberate the island . They send their army in 478 and the liberate the island of Rodos from the Persians. Than Rodos became a part of the Greek Macedonian kingdom of the Greek king the greatest of all , Alexander the great.
Colossus of Rodos was one of the seven wonders of the world that the Rhodians create and was represent the Greek sun god ( Helios) but unforcunly collapsed by an erthquake in 226 bc. The Rhodians start to constructive Colossus in 292 bc. The statue was completed 12 years after in 280 bc. After the end of the Roman empire arround 400bc the Byzantine period start for almost 1000 years. The Byzantine era came to an end at 1309 from the modern catholic military ( the knights hospitaller) or the knights of st. John of Jerusalem. The knights great the beautiful ( palace of the grand master ) that millions of tourist visited every year.
But in 1522 in December Rodos fell to the army of Suleiman the magnificent after the attack with 100.000 men and 400 ships against only 7,000 knights.
In 1912 during the Italian - Turkish war Italians established to Rodos . Until 1947 that Rodos return back to mother Greece as the capital of the complex of dodecanese islands ( 12 islands )